The Earth has its own clock - the Moon!
The Moon designates ALL the Feast Days!
LunarSabbathTruth.info
Lunar Calendar Sabbath? Weigh the Evidence

Promoters of the Lunar Sabbath claim that the Creation Sabbath is based upon the Lunar Calendar, with the month starting on the New Moon, and the Sabbaths falling on the 8th, 15th, 22nd, and 29th of the (Lunar) month. Most followers of this teaching also claim that the Biblical day starts in the morning, at sunrise.

This page shows every Bible verse that deals with the measurement of time, or the Sabbath, from Genesis to Revelation in the King James Bible. The column labelled "Lunar Calendar Interpretation" contains buttons that can be used to tally the votes as to whether the argument is against or for the "Lunar Sabbath / Day starting at morning" teaching.
(Zero is neutral, +1 "for" +2 "strongly for", etc.) Click the "Count Scores" button on the bottom when finished.

Note: This is not a poll. It is an individual exercise that adds up the scores of all the verses you have voted on. The results are displayed when you click the "Count Scores" button below.

Ref.
KJV Text
Lunar Calendar Interpretation
Gen
1:1-4
1.1 In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth. 1.2 And the earth was without form, and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters. 1.3 And God said, Let there be light: and there was light. 1.4 And God saw the light, that it was good: and God divided the light from the darkness.
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The account begins with darkness, which is consistent with the month (and first week) beginning with a dark new moon.
Gen
1:5
1.5 And God called the light Day, and the darkness he called Night. And the evening and the morning were the first day.
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The Hebrew word translated "day" is really "dawn", the period belonging to the night of the previous day before sunrise of the next day:

"And the evening, and then the dawn, (still part of the night), were the first day."
Gen
1:8,13
1.8 And God called the firmament Heaven. And the evening and the morning were the second day. 1.13 And the evening and the morning were the third day.
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See comments on Gen 1:6.
Gen
1:14
1.14 And God said, Let there be lights in the firmament of the heaven to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days, and years.
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The word for SEASONS is Strongs #4150, "religious festivals". Notice that Genesis 1:14 says that the "religious festivals" are designated by the "lights in ... heaven".

See Psalm 104:19.
Gen
1:15-16
1.15 And let them be for lights in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth: and it was so. 1.16 And God made two great lights; the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night: he made the stars also.
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The Hebrew word translated "made" in verse 16 "God made two great lights" is Strongs #6213, and is translated by the KJV in Psalm 104:19 as "appointed":

"He appointed [#6213] the moon for seasons [#4150] ..."

A better translation of Genesis 1:16 is "... God appointed two great lights ..."
Gen
1:17-18
1.17 And God set them in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth, 1.18 And to rule over the day and over the night, and to divide the light from the darkness: and God saw that it was good.
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The stars are seen, or rule, at night. (If you see stars, it's considered night. You can still see stars at dawn, before sunrise.)
Gen
1:19, 23-31
1.19 And the evening and the morning were the fourth day. ....
23 And the evening and the morning were the fifth day.
24 And God said, Let the earth bring forth...
26 And God said, Let us make man in our image,
27 So God created man ... male and female
28 And God blessed them,
29 And God said, Behold, I have given you every herb bearing seed
31 And God saw ... and, behold, it was very good.
And the evening
and the morning were the sixth day
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Notice the progression for day 6:
First, he says "Let the earth bring forth ...",
And then he creates the male
And then he creates the female
And then he blessed them
And then he told them what to eat
And then he saw it was good
And then evening

In the progression, the events are in order. "Evening" follows the Creator telling the couple what to eat. By the time "evening" is mentioned, the work of that day is finished.

The "morning" is the dawn right before the sunrise of the next day. Since one can still see a few stars at dawn, it is considered part of the night,
Gen
1:31b-2:3
1.31b And the evening and the morning were the sixth day. 2.1 Thus the heavens and the earth were finished, and all the host of them. 2.2 And on the seventh day God ended his work which he had made; and he rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had made. 2.3 And God blessed the seventh day, and sanctified it: because that in it he had rested from all his work which God created and made.
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The Sabbath immediately follows the end of the sixth day. There is no mention of waiting for evening for it to start.

The "morning" of verse 31b, which follows the "evening" is the pre-sunrise dawn, right before the new day begins. So after the day's work is done, then it is evening, then thru the night, then right before sunrise. The next new day begins at sunrise.

The dawn is still part of the preceding night, as a few stars can still be seen.
Gen
7:2-4
7.2 Of every clean beast thou shalt take to thee by sevens, the male and his female: and of beasts that are not clean by two, the male and his female. 7.3 Of fowls also of the air by sevens, the male and the female; to keep seed alive upon the face of all the earth. 7.4 For yet seven days, and I will cause it to rain upon the earth forty days and forty nights; and every living substance that I have made will I destroy from off the face of the earth.
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The numbers seven and forty appear often.
Gen
7:10-8:4
7.10 And it came to pass after seven days, that the waters of the flood were upon the earth. 7.11 In the six hundredth year of Noah's life, in the second month, the seventeenth day of the month, the same day were all the fountains of the great deep broken up, and the windows of heaven were opened. 7.12 And the rain was upon the earth forty days and forty nights. ....

7.24 And the waters prevailed upon the earth an hundred and fifty days. .... 8.1 And God remembered Noah, and every living thing, and all the cattle that was with him in the ark: and God made a wind to pass over the earth, and the waters asswaged; 8.2 The fountains also of the deep and the windows of heaven were stopped, and the rain from heaven was restrained; 8.3 And the waters returned from off the earth continually: and after the end of the hundred and fifty days the waters were abated. 8.4 And the ark rested in the seventh month, on the seventeenth day of the month, upon the mountains of Ararat.
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From the 17th day of the second month to the 17th day of the seventh month was 150 days. This is exactly 5 months; the simplest explanation is that the months were 30 days long. The year was originally 360 days long, and the astronomical bodies matched this pattern.
Gen
8:5-14
8.5 And the waters decreased continually until the tenth month: in the tenth month, on the first day of the month, were the tops of the mountains seen. 8.6 And it came to pass at the end of forty days, that Noah opened the window of the ark which he had made: 8.7 And he sent forth a raven, ... 8.8 Also he sent forth a dove .... 8.10 And he stayed yet other seven days; and again he sent forth the dove out of the ark; ....

8.12 And he stayed yet other seven days; and sent forth the dove; which returned not again unto him any more. 8.13 And it came to pass in the six hundredth and first year, in the first month, the first day of the month, the waters were dried up from off the earth: and Noah removed the covering of the ark, and looked, and, behold, the face of the ground was dry. 8.14 And in the second month, on the seven and twentieth day of the month, was the earth dried.
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The first day of the month is the New Moon. If the lunar months were exactly 30 days long, Noah would not have actually needed to see the moon from the ark; just to count.
Exodus
20:8-11
20.8 Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy. 20.9 Six days shalt thou labour, and do all thy work: 20.10 But the seventh day is the sabbath of the LORD thy God: in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates: 20.11 For in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore the LORD blessed the sabbath day, and hallowed it.
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See Genesis 1:1-2:3.

Compare this to Deuteronomy 5, which does not mention Creation at all, but rather the events of leaving Egypt on the 15th of the month.
Lev
23:1-3
23.1 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, 23.2 Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, Concerning the feasts of the LORD, which ye shall proclaim to be holy convocations, even these are my feasts. 23.3 Six days shall work be done: but the seventh day is the sabbath of rest, an holy convocation; ye shall do no work therein: it is the sabbath of the LORD in all your dwellings.
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The morrow began on the morning and lasted until the evening.
Lev
23:4-8
23.4 These are the feasts of the LORD, even holy convocations, which ye shall proclaim in their seasons. 23.5 In the fourteenth day of the first month at even is the LORD's passover. 23.6 And on the fifteenth day of the same month is the feast of unleavened bread unto the LORD: seven days ye must eat unleavened bread. 23.7 In the first day ye shall have an holy convocation: ye shall do no servile work therein. 23.8 But ye shall offer an offering made by fire unto the LORD seven days: in the seventh day is an holy convocation: ye shall do no servile work therein.
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The pattern is Sabbath on the 15th, then six work days, then Sabbath on the 22nd. The work days required the use of unleavened bread, and other ceremonies, but were not Sabbaths.
Exodus
10:13
And Moses stretched forth his rod over the land of Egypt, and the LORD brought an east wind upon the land all that day, and all that night; and when it was morning, the east wind brought the
locusts.
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Note the order: First day, then night, then morning.
Exodus
6:1-21
16.1 And they took their journey from Elim, and all the congregation of the children of Israel came unto the wilderness of Sin, which is between Elim and Sinai, on the fifteenth day of the second month after their departing out of the land of Egypt. 16.2 And the whole congregation of the children of Israel murmured against Moses and Aaron in the wilderness:

16.3 And the children of Israel said unto them, Would to God we had died by the hand of the LORD in the land of Egypt, when we sat by the flesh pots, and when we did eat bread to the full; for ye have brought us forth into this wilderness, to kill this whole assembly with hunger. 16.4 Then said the LORD unto Moses, Behold, I will rain bread from heaven for you; and the people shall go out and gather a certain rate every day, that I may prove them, whether they will walk in my law, or no. 16.5 And it shall come to pass, that on the sixth day they shall prepare that which they bring in; and it shall be twice as much as they gather daily. 16.6 And Moses and Aaron said unto all the children of Israel, At even, then ye shall know that the LORD hath brought you out from the land of Egypt: 16.7 And in the morning, then ye shall see the glory of the LORD; for that he heareth your murmurings against the LORD: and what are we, that ye murmur against us? 16.8 And Moses said, This shall be, when the LORD shall give you in the evening flesh to eat, and in the morning bread to the full; for that the LORD heareth your murmurings which ye murmur against him: and what are we? your murmurings are not against us, but against the LORD. 16.9 And Moses spake unto Aaron, Say unto all the congregation of the children of Israel, Come near before the LORD: for he hath heard your murmurings.

16.10 And it came to pass, as Aaron spake unto the whole congregation of the children of Israel, that they looked toward the wilderness, and, behold, the glory of the LORD appeared in the cloud. 16.11 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, 16.12 I have heard the murmurings of the children of Israel: speak unto them, saying, At even ye shall eat flesh, and in the morning ye shall be filled with bread; and ye shall know that I am the LORD your God. 16.13 And it came to pass, that at even the quails came up, and covered the camp: and in the morning the dew lay round about the host. 16.14 And when the dew that lay was gone up, behold, upon the face of the wilderness there lay a small round thing, as small as the hoar frost on the ground. 16.15 And when the children of Israel saw it, they said one to another, It is manna: for they wist not what it was.

And Moses said unto them, This is the bread which the LORD hath given you to eat. 16.16 This is the thing which the LORD hath commanded, Gather of it every man according to his eating, an omer for every man, according to the number of your persons; take ye every man for them which are in his tents. 16.17 And the children of Israel did so, and gathered, some more, some less. 16.18 And when they did mete it with an omer, he that gathered much had nothing over, and he that gathered little had no lack; they gathered every man according to his eating. 16.19 And Moses said, Let no man leave of
it till the morning. 16.20 Notwithstanding they hearkened not unto Moses; but some of them left of it until the morning, and it bred worms, and stank: and Moses was wroth with them. 16.21 And they gathered it every morning, every man according to his eating: and when the sun waxed hot, it melted.
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See the Septuagint for the correct punctuation:
"And they departed from Aelim, and all the congregation of the children of Israel came to the wilderness of Sin, which is between Aelim and Sina; and on the fifteenth day, in the second month after their departure from the land of Egypt, all the congregation of the children of Israel murmured against Moses and Aaron."

The KJV reading is similar, except for the punctuation, which implies that they were traveling on the 15th. The people congregated together on the 15th day of the month, and they took that opportunity to complain to Moses about the lack of food. They were congregating on the Sabbath.

This is why the quail came after sunset, after the Sabbath hours had passed. The manna came on the morning of the 16th.
Exodus 16.22-27
And it came to pass, that on the sixth day they gathered twice as much bread, two omers for one man: and all the rulers of the congregation came and told Moses. 16.23 And he said unto them, This is that which the LORD hath said, To morrow is the rest of the holy sabbath unto the LORD: bake that which ye will bake to day, and seethe that ye will seethe; and that which remaineth over lay up for you to be kept until the morning.

16.24 And they laid it up till the morning, as Moses bade: and it did not stink, neither was there any worm therein. 16.25 And Moses said, Eat that to day; for to day is a sabbath unto the LORD: to day ye shall not find it in the field. 16.26 Six days ye shall gather it; but on the seventh day, which is the sabbath, in it there shall be none.

16.27 And it came to pass, that there went out some of the people on the seventh day for to gather, and they found none.
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These verses indicate that the Sabbath started in the morning.
Exodus
18:13
And it came to pass on the morrow, that Moses sat to judge the people: and the people stood by Moses from the morning unto the evening.
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The morrow begin on the morning and lasted until the evening.
Exodus
40:1
40.1 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, 40.2 On the first day of the first month shalt thou set up the tabernacle of the tent of the congregation.
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The consecration of Aaron will begin on the first day of the month, which is New Moon day. Comparing verses in Exodus 40:12-14 with Leviticus 8:13 shows that this is the same event discussed in Leviticus 9.
Lev
6:20
This is the offering of Aaron and of his sons, which they shall offer unto the LORD in the day when he is anointed; the tenth part of an ephah of fine flour for a meat offering perpetual, half of it in the morning, and half thereof at night.
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The day consists of morning and night, in that order.
Lev
7:15
And the flesh of the sacrifice of his peace offerings for thanksgiving shall be eaten the same day that it is offered; he shall not leave any of it until the morning.
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Notice the "same day" does not include the next morning, which would be true if the days really started at evening.
Lev
9:1-5, 23
9.1 And it came to pass on the eighth day, that Moses called Aaron and his sons, and the elders of Israel; 9.2 And he said unto Aaron, Take thee a young calf for a sin offering, and a ram for a burnt offering, without blemish, and offer them before the LORD. 9.3 And unto the children of Israel thou shalt speak, saying, Take ye a kid of the goats for a sin offering; and a calf and a lamb, both of the first year, without blemish, for a burnt offering; 9.4 Also a bullock and a ram for peace offerings, to sacrifice before the LORD; and a meat offering mingled with oil: for to day the LORD will appear unto you. 9.5 And they brought that which Moses commanded before the tabernacle of the congregation: and all the congregation drew near and stood before the LORD. ...

9.23 And Moses and Aaron went into the tabernacle of the congregation, and came out, and blessed the people: and the glory of the LORD appeared unto all the people.
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See Exodus 40:1 which indicates that this began on the New Moon day. During seven days, the Tabernacle was closed, since Aaron and his sons were secluded there.

On the eighth day of the month, the whole congregation gathered and the glory of the Almighty appeared. The eighth day of the month was the Sabbath.
Lev
23:9-16
23.9 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, 23.10 Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, When ye be come into the land which I give unto you, and shall reap the harvest thereof, then ye shall bring a sheaf of the firstfruits of your harvest unto the priest: 23.11 And he shall wave the sheaf before the LORD, to be accepted for you: on the morrow after the sabbath the priest shall wave it. 23.12 And ye shall offer that day when ye wave the sheaf an he lamb without blemish of the first year for a burnt offering unto the LORD. 23.13 And the meat offering thereof shall be two tenth deals of fine flour mingled with oil, an offering made by fire unto the LORD for a sweet savour: and the drink offering thereof shall be of wine, the fourth part of an hin. 23.14 And ye shall eat neither bread, nor parched corn, nor green ears, until the selfsame day that ye have brought an offering unto your God: it shall be a statute for ever throughout your generations in all your dwellings. 23.15 And ye shall count unto you from the morrow after the sabbath, from the day that ye brought the sheaf of the wave offering; seven sabbaths shall be complete: 23.16 Even unto the morrow after the seventh sabbath shall ye number fifty days; and ye shall offer a new meat offering unto the LORD.
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The Feast of First Fruits is called the "Feast of Weeks" (Hebrew: Shavout) in 2 Chronicles 8:13 and Pentecost in Greek.

The simplest way is to do a count of 50 days straight. However, the text says that the feast is on the morrow after the seventh Sabbath. Only full weeks are counted; that is why it says "seven Sabbaths shall be complete".

The New Moon and Translation (30th) Days are not part of the weeks - they are part of the month, specifically, the start and end. They are not part of the "weeks" which are 4 blocks of 7 days which end in Sabbaths.

Lev 23:23-31
Lev 23:32
23.32 It shall be unto you a sabbath of rest, and ye shall afflict your souls: in the ninth day of the month at even, from even unto even, shall ye celebrate your sabbath.
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Traditionally, Leviticus 23:32 "from even unto even, shall ye celebrate your sabbath" has been used to demonstrate that the days start at evening. But those same verses in Leviticus prove the opposite.

Notice that this concerns the Day of Atonement, which is the tenth day of the month (23:27), but that the fast begins on evening of the ninth day of the month. (23:32). Those are two adjacent days, with two different date numbers: the ninth and the tenth. If the day really began in the evening, it would just be one date.
Lev
23:33-36
23.33 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, 23.34 Speak unto the children of Israel, saying, The fifteenth day of this seventh month shall be the feast of tabernacles for seven days unto the LORD. 23.35 On the first day shall be an holy convocation: ye shall do no servile work therein. 23.36 Seven days ye shall offer an offering made by fire unto the LORD: on the eighth day shall be an holy convocation unto you; and ye shall offer an offering made by fire unto the LORD: it is a solemn assembly; and ye shall do no servile work therein.
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The 15th day of the month is always the Sabbath, and so is the 22nd. This fulfills the command in Exodus 20:9 to work six days before a Sabbath.

When the Jews today celebrate this feast, the "Saturday Sabbath" can fall in the middle of the Lunar week. This violates the command to work six days.
Lev
23:39-44
23.39 Also in the fifteenth day of the seventh month, when ye have gathered in the fruit of the land, ye shall keep a feast unto the LORD seven days: on the first day shall be a sabbath, and on the eighth day shall be a sabbath. 23.40 And ye shall take you on the first day the boughs of goodly trees, branches of palm trees, and the boughs of thick trees, and willows of the brook; and ye shall rejoice before the LORD your God seven days. 23.41 And ye shall keep it a feast unto the LORD seven days in the year. It shall be a statute for ever in your generations: ye shall celebrate it in the seventh month. 23.42 Ye shall dwell in booths seven days; all that are Israelites born shall dwell in booths: 23.43 That your generations may know that I made the children of Israel to dwell in booths, when I brought them out of the land of Egypt: I am the LORD your God. 23.44 And Moses declared unto the children of Israel the feasts of the LORD.
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The Feast of Tabernacles is a seven day feast, starting on the 15th of the month, which is always a Sabbath. The 22nd, the eight day after the seven day feast. is also always a Sabbath.
Num
11:19-20
11.19 Ye shall not eat one day, nor two days, nor five days, neither ten days, nor twenty days; 11.20 But even a whole month, until it come out at your nostrils, and it be loathsome unto you: because that ye have despised the LORD which is among you, and have wept before him, saying, Why came we forth out of Egypt?
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A month is longer than 20 days.
Num
11:32
And the people stood up all that day, and all that night, and all the next day, and they gathered the quails ...
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Note the order: day, then night, then next day.
Num 28:16-26
28.16 And in the fourteenth day of the first month is the passover of the LORD. 28.17 And in the fifteenth day of this month is the feast: seven days shall unleavened bread be eaten. 28.18 In the first day shall be an holy convocation; ye shall do no manner of servile work therein: 28.19 But ye shall offer a sacrifice made by fire for a burnt offering unto the LORD; two young bullocks, and one ram, and seven lambs of the first year: they shall be unto you without blemish: 28.20 And their meat offering shall be of flour mingled with oil: three tenth deals shall ye offer for a bullock, and two tenth deals for a ram; 28.21 A several tenth deal shalt thou offer for every lamb, throughout the seven lambs: 28.22 And one goat for a sin offering, to make an atonement for you. 28.23 Ye shall offer these beside the burnt offering in the morning, which is for a continual burnt offering. 28.24 After this manner ye shall offer daily, throughout the seven days, the meat of the sacrifice made by fire, of a sweet savour unto the LORD: it shall be offered beside the continual burnt offering, and his drink offering. 28.25 And on the seventh day ye shall have an holy convocation; ye shall do no servile work.

28.26 Also in the day of the firstfruits, when ye bring a new meat offering unto the LORD, after your weeks be out, ye shall have an holy convocation; ye shall do no servile work:
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See Leviticus 23.

Notice the reference to the weeks being complete for Shavuot.
Num
29:1
29.1 And in the seventh month, on the first day of the month, ye shall have an holy convocation; ye shall do no servile work: it is a day of blowing the trumpets unto you.
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The first new moon of the seventh month is the Day of Trumpets.
Num
29:12-35
29.12 And on the fifteenth day of the seventh month ye shall have an holy convocation; ye shall do no servile work, and ye shall keep a feast unto the LORD seven days: 29.13 And ye shall offer a burnt offering, a sacrifice made by fire, of a sweet savour unto the LORD; thirteen young bullocks, two rams, and fourteen lambs of the first year; they shall be without blemish: 29.14 And their meat offering shall be of flour mingled with oil, three tenth deals unto every bullock of the thirteen bullocks, two tenth deals to each ram of the two rams, 29.15 And a several tenth deal to each lamb of the fourteen lambs: 29.16 And one kid of the goats for a sin offering; beside the continual burnt offering, his meat offering, and his drink offering.

29.17 And on the second day ye shall offer twelve young bullocks, two rams, fourteen lambs of the first year without spot: 29.18 And their meat offering and their drink offerings for the bullocks, for the rams, and for the lambs, shall be according to their number, after the manner: 29.19 And one kid of the goats for a sin offering; beside the continual burnt offering, and the meat offering thereof, and their drink offerings.

29.20 And on the third day eleven bullocks, two rams, fourteen lambs of the first year without blemish; 29.21 And their meat offering and their drink offerings for the bullocks, for the rams, and for the lambs, shall be according to their number, after the manner: 29.22 And one goat for a sin offering; beside the continual burnt offering, and his meat offering, and his drink offering.

29.23 And on the fourth day ten bullocks, two rams, and fourteen lambs of the first year without blemish: 29.24 Their meat offering and their drink offerings for the bullocks, for the rams, and for the lambs, shall be according to their number, after the manner: 29.25 And one kid of the goats for a sin offering; beside the continual burnt offering, his meat offering, and his drink offering.

29.26 And on the fifth day nine bullocks, two rams, and fourteen lambs of the first year without spot: 29.27 And their meat offering and their drink offerings for the bullocks, for the rams, and for the lambs, shall be according to their number, after the manner: 29.28 And one goat for a sin offering; beside the continual burnt offering, and his meat offering, and his drink offering.

29.29 And on the sixth day eight bullocks, two rams, and fourteen lambs of the first year without blemish: 29.30 And their meat offering and their drink offerings for the bullocks, for the rams, and for the lambs, shall be according to their number, after the manner: 29.31 And one goat for a sin offering; beside the continual burnt offering, his meat offering, and his drink offering.

29.32 And on the seventh day seven bullocks, two rams, and fourteen lambs of the first year without blemish: 29.33 And their meat offering and their drink offerings for the bullocks, for the rams, and for the lambs, shall be according to their number, after the manner: 29.34 And one goat for a sin offering; beside the continual burnt offering, his meat offering, and his drink offering. 29.35 On the eighth day ye shall have a solemn assembly: ye shall do no servile work therein
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There are detailed requirements for all the offerings to be made on the different days. There is nothing about a "Saturday Sabbath" occurring during this time, because such a thing did not exist. There were six work days between the Sabbaths on the 15th and 22nd.
Deut 5:12-15
5.12 Keep the sabbath day to sanctify it, as the LORD thy God hath commanded thee. 5.13 Six days thou shalt labour, and do all thy work: 5.14 But the seventh day is the sabbath of the LORD thy God: in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, nor thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thine ox, nor thine ass, nor any of thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates; that thy manservant and thy maidservant may rest as well as thou. 5.15 And remember that thou wast a servant in the land of Egypt, and that the LORD thy God brought thee out thence through a mighty hand and by a stretched out arm: therefore the LORD thy God commanded thee to keep the sabbath day.
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The Israelites left Egypt on the Sabbath of Unleavened Bread, the 15th day of the month, at night. This was the same day as the seventh day Sabbath. This can be seen by examining the Fourth Commandment as recorded in two different renderings.

* The Fourth Commandment in Exodus 20 clearly references the seventh day Sabbath based on Creation.
* The Fourth Commandment in Deuteronomy 5 clearly references the seventh day Sabbath based on the deliverance from Egypt, which occurred on the evening of the Sabbath of Unleavened Bread.

Deut 16:1
Num 33:3
33.3 And they departed from Rameses in the first month, on the fifteenth day of the first month; on the morrow after the passover the children of Israel went out with an high hand in the sight of all the Egyptians.
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See Deuteronomy 5:15.
Joshua
4:19
4.19 And the people came up out of Jordan on the tenth day of the first month, and encamped in Gilgal, in the east border of Jericho.
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The tenth day of the first month is the time to get ready for the Passover.
Joshua
5:10-12
5.10 And the children of Israel encamped in Gilgal, and kept the passover on the fourteenth day of the month at even in the plains of Jericho. 5.11 And they did eat of the old corn of the land on the morrow after the passover, unleavened cakes, and parched corn in the selfsame day. 5.12 And the manna ceased on the morrow after they had eaten of the old corn of the land; neither had the children of Israel manna any more; but they did eat of the fruit of the land of Canaan that year.
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The manna ceased on the 16th, the day after the Sabbath.
Joshua
6:2-21
6.2 And the LORD said unto Joshua, See, I have given into thine hand Jericho, and the king thereof, and the mighty men of valour. 6.3 And ye shall compass the city, all ye men of war, and go round about the city once. Thus shalt thou do six days. 6.4 And seven priests shall bear before the ark seven trumpets of rams' horns:and the seventh day ye shall compass the city seven times, and the priests shall blow with the trumpets. ....

6.11 So the ark of the LORD compassed the city, going about it once: and they came into the camp, and lodged in the camp. 6.12 And Joshua rose early in the morning, and the priests took up the ark of the LORD. 6.13 And seven priests bearing seven trumpets of rams' horns before the ark of the LORD went on continually, and blew with the trumpets: and the armed men went before them; but the rereward came after the ark of the LORD, the priests going on, and blowing with the trumpets. 6.14 And the second day they compassed the city once, and returned into the camp: so they did six days. 6.15 And it came to pass on the seventh day, that they rose early about the dawning of the day, and compassed the city after the same manner seven times: only on that day they compassed the city seven times. 6.16 And it came to pass at the seventh time, when the priests blew with the trumpets, Joshua said unto the people, Shout; for the LORD hath given you the city. ....

6.20 So the people shouted when the priests blew with the trumpets: and it came to pass, when the people heard the sound of the trumpet, and the people shouted with a great shout, that the wall fell down flat, so that the people went up into the city, every man straight before him, and they took the city. 6.21 And they utterly destroyed all that was in the city, both man and woman, young and old, and ox, and sheep, and ass, with the edge of the sword.
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How did they march seven days, in offensive battle readiness, and not violate the seventh day Sabbath?

Perhaps they started on the New Moon day, had a seven day march, and then rested on the eight day of the month, which is the Sabbath. In fact, the "Book of Jasher", which is not Scripture but does contain historical information, even says that they started the march on the first of the month, the new moon day.

Joshua
7:6-13
Joshua
10:11-13
10.11 And it came to pass, as they fled from before Israel, and were in the going down to Bethhoron, that the LORD cast down great stones from heaven upon them unto Azekah, and they died: they were more which died with hailstones than they whom the children of Israel slew with the sword. 10.12 Then spake Joshua to the LORD in the day when the LORD delivered up the Amorites before the children of Israel, and he said in the sight of Israel, Sun, stand thou still upon Gibeon; and thou, Moon, in the valley of Ajalon. 10.13 And the sun stood still, and the moon stayed, until the people had avenged themselves upon their enemies. Is not this written in the book of Jasher? So the sun stood still in the midst of heaven, and hasted not to go down about a whole day.
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This cosmic (note the meteorites) event probably disrupted the exact 360 day year and 30 day months.
Judges
19:9
And when the man rose up to depart, he, and his concubine, and his servant, his father in law, the damsel's father, said unto him, Behold, now the day draweth toward evening, I pray you tarry all night: behold, the day groweth to an end,lodge here, that thine heart may be merry; and to morrow get you early on your way, that thou mayest go home.
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Tomorrow starts in the morning.
1 Samuel 19:10
19:10 And Saul sought to smite David even to the wall with the javelin; but he slipped away out of Saul's presence, and he smote the javelin into the wall: and David fled, and escaped that night. 19.11 Saul also sent messengers unto David's house, to watch him, and to slay him in the morning: and Michal David's wife told him, saying, If thou save not thy life to night, to morrow thou shalt be slain.
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Tomorrow starts in the morning.
1 Samuel 19:22-24
19.22 Then went he also to Ramah, and came to a great well that is in Sechu: and he asked and said, Where are Samuel and David? And one said, Behold, they be at Naioth in Ramah. 19.23
And he went thither to Naioth in Ramah: and the spirit of God was upon him also, and he went on, and prophesied, until he came to Naioth in Ramah.

19.24 And he stripped off his clothes also, and prophesied before Samuel in like manner, and lay down naked all that day and all that night. Wherefore they say, Is Saul also among the prophets?
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According to 1 Sam 15:34, Saul's home was Gibeah. In 1 Sam 19:10, Saul is in his house and tries to drive a spear through David. But David escapes, and goes to his own house, and his wife Michal helps him escape through the window. (It does not mention where David's house was, but Saul's soldiers had no problem reaching it at night.)

Verse 18 says that David flees to Samuel, who lives in Ramah, then David and Samuel go to Naioth. (Naioth means "houses", and is apparently where the prophets lived in Ramah. Ramah is only 5 miles from Gibeah, although the road between them is rugged.) Then in verse 19, Saul sends men to capture David, but the men meet Samuel and a group of prophets. Saul sends two more groups, and finally he himself goes, and some people tell him that David and Samuel are in Naioth.

Verse 23 has Saul himself going to Naioth (where the prophets lived). Then verse 24 describes the incident when he takes off his kingly robes (and / or his armor) and prophesies before Samuel. Saul wants to kill David, but he is constrained to rest on this day, and to be without rank or arms.

I am going to claim that this day, when all the prophesying is happening, and Saul is forced to rest, is the Sabbath, and is the 29th of the month.
1 Samuel 20:1
20.1 And David fled from Naioth in Ramah, and came and said before Jonathan, What have I done? what is mine iniquity? and what is my sin before thy father, that he seeketh my life?
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While Saul is prophesying, David flees from Naioth to Jonathan, who presumably is at his father's hometown at Gibeah, 5 miles away. It is the Sabbath.
1 Sam 20:5, 18-27
1 Samuel 20.5 And David said unto Jonathan, Behold, to morrow is the new moon, and I should not fail to sit with the king at meat: but let me go, that I may hide myself in the field unto the third day at even. ....

20.18 Then Jonathan said to David, To morrow is the new moon: and thou shalt be missed, because thy seat will be empty. 20.24 So David hid himself in the field: and when the new moon was come, the king sat him down to eat meat. 20.25 And the king sat upon his seat, as at other times, even upon a seat by the wall: and Jonathan arose, and Abner sat by Saul's side, and David's place was empty. 20.26 Nevertheless Saul spake not any thing that day: for he thought, Something hath befallen him, he is not clean; surely he is not clean. 20.27 And it came to pass on the morrow, which was the second day of the month, that David's place was empty: and Saul said unto Jonathan his son, Wherefore cometh not the son of Jesse to meat, neither yesterday, nor to day?
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There was a two day New Moon festival. (The KJV translated verse 27 as "second day of the month" but it is literally ""second day of the new moon" as can be seen in a literal translation, for example, Young's.)
! Kings
8:2
8.2 And all the men of Israel assembled themselves unto king Solomon at the feast in the month Ethanim, which is the seventh month.
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Feast of Tabernacles.
1 Kings
8:65-66
8.65 And at that time Solomon held a feast, and all Israel with him, a great congregation, from the entering in of Hamath unto the river of Egypt, before the LORD our God, seven days and seven days, even fourteen days. 8.66 On the eighth day he sent the people away: and they blessed the king, and went unto their tents joyful and glad of heart for all the goodness that the LORD had done for David his servant, and for Israel his people.
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1 Kings
12:32-33
12.32 And Jeroboam ordained a feast in the eighth month, on the fifteenth day of the month, like unto the feast that is in Judah, and he offered upon the altar. So did he in Bethel, sacrificing unto the calves that he had made: and he placed in Bethel the priests of the high places which he had made.

12.33 So he offered upon the altar which he had made in Bethel the fifteenth day of the eighth month, even in the month which he had devised of his own heart; and ordained a feast unto the children of Israel: and he offered upon the altar, and burnt incense.
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He picked the right day, the 15th, but the month he "devised of his own heart".
2 Kings 4:22-23
4.22 And she called unto her husband, and said, Send me, I pray thee, one of the young men, and one of the asses, that I may run to the man of God, and come again. 4.23 And he said, Wherefore wilt thou go to him to day? it is neither new moon, nor sabbath. And she said, It shall be well.
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The man had been working in the field and questioned why his wife would want to see the prophet on a common work day, "neither new moon nor Sabbath."
2 Kings 20:10-11
20.10 And Hezekiah answered, It is a light thing for the shadow to go down ten degrees: nay, but let the shadow return backward ten degrees. 20.11 And Isaiah the prophet cried unto the LORD: and he brought the shadow ten degrees backward, by which it had gone down in the dial of Ahaz.
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This event probably disrupted the exact 360 day year and 30 day months, or perhaps partially restored it after Joshua's long day.
1 Chron
23:31
23.31 And to offer all burnt sacrifices unto the LORD in the sabbaths, in the new moons, and on the set feasts, by number, according to the order commanded unto them, continually before the LORD:
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New Moons and Sabbaths mentioned together.
2 Chron
2:4
2.4 Behold, I build an house to the name of the LORD my God, to dedicate it to him, and to burn before him sweet incense, and for the continual showbread, and for the burnt offerings morning and evening, on the sabbaths, and on the new moons, and on the solemn feasts of the LORD our God. This is an ordinance for ever to Israel.
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New Moons and Sabbaths mentioned together.
2 Chron
7:8-9
7.8 Also at the same time Solomon kept the feast seven days, and all Israel with him, a very great congregation, from the entering in of Hamath unto the river of Egypt.
7.9 And in the eighth day they made a solemn assembly: for they kept the dedication of the altar seven days, and the feast seven days. 7.10 And on the three and twentieth day of the seventh month he sent the people away into their tents, glad and merry in heart for the goodness that the LORD had showed unto David, and to Solomon, and to Israel his people.
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This is the Feast of Tabernacles, from the 15th to the 21st. Then the 22nd is the Sabbath, and then Solomon sent the people home on the day following the Sabbath, which was the 23rd.
2 Chron
8:13
8.13 Even after a certain rate every day, offering according to the commandment of Moses, on the sabbaths, and on the new moons, and on the solemn feasts, three times in the year, even in the feast of unleavened bread, and in the feast of weeks, and in the feast of tabernacles.
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New Moons and Sabbaths mentioned together.
2 Chron 29:16-18
29.16 And the priests went into the inner part of the house of the LORD, to cleanse it, and brought out all the uncleanness that they found in the temple of the LORD into the court of the house of the LORD. And the Levites took it, to carry it out abroad into the brook Kidron.

29.17 Now they began on the first day of the first month to sanctify, and on the eighth day of the month came they to the porch of the LORD: so they sanctified the house of the LORD in eight days; and in the sixteenth day of the first month they made an end.

29.18 Then they went in to Hezekiah the king, and said, We have cleansed all the house of the LORD, and the altar of burnt offering, with all the vessels thereof, and the showbread table, with all the vessels thereof.
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They started the work of cleansing the Temple on the first day of the first month, which was the New Moon day. On the eighth day, the priests came out of the Temple, onto the porch. (The eight day was the Sabbath.)

Then they would have celebrated Passover on the 14th, and the Sabbath of Unleavened Bread on the 15th. The work of cleansing ceased on the 16th day of the first month, just like the manna ceased on that same day in Joshua 5:12.
2 Chron
31:3
31.3 He appointed also the king's portion of his substance for the burnt offerings, to wit, for the morning and evening burnt offerings, and the burnt offerings for the sabbaths, and for the new moons, and for the set feasts, as it is written in the law of the LORD.
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New Moons and Sabbaths mentioned together.
Ezra
3:4-5
3.4 They kept also the feast of tabernacles, as it is written, and offered the daily burnt offerings by number, according to the custom, as the duty of every day required;

3.5 And afterward offered the continual burnt offering, both of the new moons, and of all the set feasts of the LORD that were consecrated, and of every one that willingly offered a freewill offering unto the LORD.
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Feast of Tabernacles.

New Moons and Sabbaths mentioned together.
Nehemiah
8:2
8.2 And Ezra the priest brought the law before the congregation both of men and women, and all that could hear with understanding, upon the first day of the seventh month.
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Day of Trumpets
Nehemiah 8:13-14
8.13 And on the second day were gathered together the chief of the fathers of all the people, the priests, and the Levites, unto Ezra the scribe, even to understand the words of the law. 8.14 And they found written in the law which the LORD had commanded by Moses, that the children of Israel should dwell in booths in the feast of the seventh month:
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Feast of Tabernacles.
Nehemiah 8:18-9:1
8.18 Also day by day, from the first day unto the last day, he read in the book of the law of God. And they kept the feast seven days; and on the eighth day was a solemn assembly, according unto the manner. 9.1 Now in the twenty and fourth day of this month the children of Israel were assembled with fasting, and with sackclothes, and earth upon them.
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Feast of Tabernacles followed by a solemn Sabbath on the 22nd.

They had a fast on the 24th day.
Nehemiah 10:33
10.33 For the showbread, and for the continual meat offering, and for the continual burnt offering, of the sabbaths, of the new moons, for the set feasts, and for the holy things, and for the sin offerings to make an atonement for Israel, and for all the work of the house of our God.
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New Moons and Sabbaths mentioned together.
Nehemiah 13:19-22
13.19 And it came to pass, that when the gates of Jerusalem began to be dark before the sabbath, I commanded that the gates should be shut, and charged that they should not be opened till after the sabbath: and some of my servants set I at the gates, that there should no burden be brought in on the sabbath day.

13.20 So the merchants and sellers of all kind of ware lodged without Jerusalem once or twice. 13.21 Then I testified against them, and said unto them, Why lodge ye about the wall? if ye do so again, I will lay hands on you. From that time forth came they no more on the sabbath.

13.22 And I commanded the Levites that they should cleanse themselves, and that they should come and keep the gates, to sanctify the sabbath day. Remember me, O my God, concerning this also, and spare me according to the greatness of thy mercy.
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He waited until it started to get dark before shutting the gates. That would have been very late to prepare for the Sabbath if it really started at evening.

The city gates were always shut at night. The unusual thing here was that Nehemiah placed Levites to guard the gates. The merchants were persistent and camped outside the walls.
Esther
9:1-21
9.1 Now in the twelfth month, that is, the month Adar, on the thirteenth day of the same, when the king's commandment and his decree drew near to be put in execution, in the day that the enemies of the Jews hoped to have power over them ....

9.15 For the Jews that were in Shushan gathered themselves together on the fourteenth day also of the month Adar, and slew three hundred men at Shushan; but on the prey they laid not their hand. 9.16 But the other Jews that were in the king's provinces gathered themselves together, and stood for their lives, and had rest from their enemies, and slew of their foes seventy and five thousand, but they laid not their hands on the prey, 9.17 On the thirteenth day of the month Adar; and on the fourteenth day of the same rested they, and made it a day of feasting and gladness. 9.18 But the Jews that were at Shushan assembled together on the thirteenth day thereof, and on the fourteenth thereof; and on the fifteenth day of the same they rested, and made it a day of feasting and gladness.

9.19 Therefore the Jews of the villages, that dwelt in the unwalled towns, made the fourteenth day of the month Adar a day of gladness and feasting, and a good day, and of sending portions one to another. 9.20 And Mordecai wrote these things, and sent letters unto all the Jews that were in all the provinces of the king Ahasuerus, both nigh and far, 9.21 To stablish this among them, that they should keep the fourteenth day of the month Adar, and the fifteenth day of the same, yearly,
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The 15th day of the month is always the Sabbath. In this case, the king had decreed a battle on the 13th day of the month. The Jews got the victory on that day, and some also fought the next day, the 14th, and also were victorious. They all rested on the 15th, because it was the Sabbath. Mordecai declared the 14th day of the 12th month to be a festival "Purim", and that would continue to the next day.
Psalm
81.3
81.3 Blow up the trumpet in the new moon, in the time appointed, on our solemn feast day. 81.4 For this was a statute for Israel, and a law of the God of Jacob. 81.5 This he ordained in Joseph for a testimony, when he went out through the land of Egypt: where I heard a language that I understood not.
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A better translation has the words "New Moon" and "Full Moon". Note that Joseph was before Moses.
Psalm
104:19
He appointed the moon for seasons: the sun knoweth his going down.
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The word for SEASONS is Strongs #4150, "religious festivals". Notice that Genesis 1:14 says that the "religious festivals" are designated by the "lights in ... heaven".
Isaiah
1.13
1.13 Bring no more vain oblations; incense is an abomination unto me; the new moons and sabbaths, the calling of assemblies, I cannot away with; it is iniquity, even the solemn meeting. 1.14 Your new moons and your appointed feasts my soul hateth: they are a trouble unto me; I am weary to bear them.
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YHWH hates the hypocrisy.
Isaiah
38:8
38.8 Behold, I will bring again the shadow of the degrees, which is gone down in the sun dial of Ahaz, ten degrees backward. So the sun returned ten degrees, by which degrees it was gone down.
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See 2 Kings 20:10-11
Isaiah
66.23
66.23 And it shall come to pass, that from one new moon to another, and from one sabbath to another, shall all flesh come to worship before me, saith the LORD.
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This verse which describes the New Moon and Sabbath being kept on the new earth.
Lam
2:4-6
2.4 He hath bent his bow like an enemy: he stood with his right hand as an adversary, and slew all that were pleasant to the eye in the tabernacle of the daughter of Zion: he poured out his fury like fire. 2.5 The Lord was as an enemy: he hath swallowed up Israel, he hath swallowed up all her palaces: he hath destroyed his strong holds, and hath increased in the daughter of Judah mourning and lamentation. 2.6 And he hath violently taken away his tabernacle, as if it were of a garden: he hath destroyed his places of the assembly: the LORD hath caused the solemn feasts and sabbaths to be forgotten in Zion, and hath despised in the indignation of his anger the king and the priest
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Because of their idolatry, YHWH caused Israel to forget the feasts and Sabbaths. See also Hosea 2:10-11
Ezekiel
32:17
32.17 It came to pass also in the twelfth year, in the fifteenth day of the month, that the word of the LORD came unto me, saying,
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This was the Sabbath, although it does not explicitly say so.
Ezekiel
45:17
45.17 And it shall be the prince's part to give burnt offerings, and meat offerings, and drink offerings, in the feasts, and in the new moons, and in the sabbaths, in all solemnities of the house of Israel: he shall prepare the sin offering, and the meat offering, and the burnt offering, and the peace offerings, to make reconciliation for the house of Israel.
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New Moons and Sabbaths mentioned together.
Ezekiel
45:18-20
45.18 Thus saith the Lord GOD; In the first month, in the first day of the month, thou shalt take a young bullock without blemish, and cleanse the sanctuary: 45.19 And the priest shall take of the blood of the sin offering, and put it upon the posts of the house, and upon the four corners of the settle of the altar, and upon the posts of the gate of the inner court.
45.20 And so thou shalt do the seventh day of the month for every one that erreth, and for him that is simple: so shall ye reconcile the house.
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The first day of the month is the New Moon.

This is the only reference to the seventh day of the month.
Ezekiel
45:21-23
45.21 In the first month, in the fourteenth day of the month, ye shall have the passover, a feast of seven days; unleavened bread shall be eaten. 45.22 And upon that day shall the prince prepare for himself and for all the people of the land a bullock for a sin offering. 45.23 And seven days of the feast he shall prepare a burnt offering to the LORD, seven bullocks and seven rams without blemish daily the seven days; and a kid of the goats daily for a sin offering.
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The Passover begins on the 14th day of the month, followed by the Sabbath on the 15th, then seven days, then a Sabbath on the 22nd. There is no indication that there are Sabbaths between the 15th and 22nd, as occurs with the "Saturday Sabbath" today.
Ezekiel
45:25
45.25 In the seventh month, in the fifteenth day of the month, shall he do the like in the feast of the seven days, according to the sin offering, according to the burnt offering, and according to the meat offering, and according to the oil.
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See Leviticus 23.
Ezekiel
46:1-6
46.1 Thus saith the Lord GOD; The gate of the inner court that looketh toward the east shall be shut the six working days; but on the sabbath it shall be opened, and in the day of the new moon it shall be opened. 46.3 Likewise the people of the land shall worship at the door of this gate before the LORD in the sabbaths and in the new moons. 46.4 And the burnt offering that the prince shall offer unto the LORD in the sabbath day shall be six lambs without blemish, and a ram without blemish. 46.6 And in the day of the new moon it shall be a young bullock without blemish, and six lambs, and a ram: they shall be without blemish.
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The Sabbath and New Moon are two distinct days, and are also distinct from common work days. That is why different offerings are specified, and different instructions given about the gates.

In other words, the first day of the lunar month cannot be a Sabbath. The fact that the New Moon can occur on Saturday shows that Saturday does not follow the Biblical Calendar.
Daniel
7:25
And he shall speak great words against the most High, and shall wear out the saints of the most High, and think to change times and laws
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In AD 321 Constantine created a big compromise. He blended the ancient Hebrew idea of a seven day week with the Roman Julian calendar's continuous weekly cycle, and added "sun god" veneration (making Sunday the first day) to create the familiar Roman calendar.

He enforced his calendar upon the entire Roman Empire with military power. Because of these changes which were being enforced by persecutions across the Roman Empire, the Jewish Sanhedrin met for the last time around AD 350, and modified the calendar to the form used by most Jews today, in which the Sabbath is on Saturday, but the other Feast Days still use a form of the Lunar calendar.

The Gregorian Calendar (AD 1582) is Pope Gregory's refinement of Constantine's calendar. It was Constantine who invented the modern week, with Sunday as the first day. The modern calendar is entirely Roman, and does not fit the Biblical reckoning.
Hosea
2:10-11
2.10 And now will I discover her lewdness in the sight of her lovers, and none shall deliver her out of mine hand. 2.11 I will also cause all her mirth to cease, her feast days, her new moons, and her sabbaths, and all her solemn feasts.
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Because of their idolatry, YHWH caused Israel to forget the feasts and Sabbaths. See also Lamentations 2:4-6
Amos
8:4-5
8.4 Hear this, O ye that swallow up the needy, even to make the poor of the land to fail, 8.5 Saying, When will the new moon be gone, that we may sell corn? and the sabbath, that we may set forth wheat, making the ephah small, and the shekel great, and falsifying the balances by deceit?
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Greedy, dishonest merchants desecrate the New Moon and Sabbath.
Jonah
4:7
4.7 But God prepared a worm when the morning rose the next day, and it smote the gourd that it withered.
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The next day began when the morning rose.
Matt 8:14-16
8.14 And when Jesus was come into Peter's house, he saw his wife's mother laid, and sick of a fever. 8.15 And he touched her hand, and the fever left her: and she arose, and ministered unto them. 8.16 When the even was come, they brought unto him many that were possessed with devils: and he cast out the spirits with his word, and healed all that were sick.
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See Mark 1:21-32
Matt
12:1-12
12.1 At that time Jesus went on the sabbath day through the corn; and his disciples were an hungred, and began to pluck the ears of corn, and to eat. 12.2 But when the Pharisees saw it, they said unto him, Behold, thy disciples do that which is not lawful to do upon the sabbath day.

12.3 But he said unto them, Have ye not read what David did, when he was an hungred, and they that were with him; 12.4 How he entered into the house of God, and did eat the showbread, which was not lawful for him to eat, neither for them which were with him, but only for the priests? 12.5 Or have ye not read in the law, how that on the sabbath days the priests in the temple profane the sabbath, and are blameless? 12.6 But I say unto you, That in this place is one greater than the temple. 12.7 But if ye had known what this meaneth, I will have mercy, and not sacrifice, ye would not have condemned the guiltless. 12.8 For the Son of man is Lord even of the sabbath day.

12.9 And when he was departed thence, he went into their synagogue: 12.10 And, behold, there was a man which had his hand withered. And they asked him, saying, Is it lawful to heal on the sabbath days? that they might accuse him. 12.11 And he said unto them, What man shall there be among you, that shall have one sheep, and if it fall into a pit on the sabbath day, will he not lay hold on it, and lift it out? 12.12 How much then is a man better than a sheep? Wherefore it is lawful to do well on the sabbath days.
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No dates are given for the Sabbath. The restrictions added by tradition are exposed.
Matt
24:20
24.20 But pray ye that your flight be not in the winter, neither on the sabbath day:
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No dates is given for the Sabbath, other than the fact that it is after the crucifixion.
Matt
28:1
28.1 In the end of the sabbath, as it began to dawn toward the first day of the week, came Mary Magdalene and the other Mary to see the sepulchre.
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The Sabbath is before the first day of the week.
Mark
1:21-32
1.21 And they went into Capernaum; and straightway on the sabbath day he entered into the synagogue, and taught. ...
1.29 And forthwith, when they were come out of the synagogue, they entered into the house of Simon and Andrew, with James and John.
1.30 But Simon's wife's mother lay sick of a fever ...
1.31 And he came and took her by the hand, and lifted her up ...
1.32 And at even, when the sun did set, they brought unto him all that were diseased, and them that were possessed with devils.
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The people waited until even, when the sun had set, ending the Sabbath. The Sabbath begins at sunrise and ends at sunset.
Mark 2:23-3:4
2.23 And it came to pass, that he went through the corn fields on the sabbath day; and his disciples began, as they went, to pluck the ears of corn. 2.24 And the Pharisees said unto him, Behold, why do they on the sabbath day that which is not lawful?

2.25 And he said unto them, Have ye never read what David did, when he had need, and was an hungred, he, and they that were with him? 2.26 How he went into the house of God in the days of Abiathar the high priest, and did eat the showbread, which is not lawful to eat but for the priests, and gave also to them which were with him? 2.27 And he said unto them, The sabbath was made for man, and not man for the sabbath: 2.28 Therefore the Son of man is Lord also of the sabbath.

3.1 And he entered again into the synagogue; and there was a man there which had a withered hand. 3.2 And they watched him, whether he would heal him on the sabbath day; that they might accuse him. 3.3 And he saith unto the man which had the withered hand, Stand forth. 3.4 And he saith unto them, Is it lawful to do good on the sabbath days, or to do evil? to save life, or to kill? But they held their peace.
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See Matthew 12:1-12
Mark 6:2
6.2 And when the sabbath day was come, he began to teach in the synagogue: and many hearing him were astonished, saying, From whence hath this man these things? and what wisdom is this which is given unto him, that even such mighty works are wrought by his hands?
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No date given for Sabbath.
Mark
15:42-43
15.42 And now when the even was come, because it was the preparation, that is, the day before the sabbath, 15.43 Joseph of Arimathaea, an honourable counsellor, which also waited for the kingdom of God, came, and went in boldly unto Pilate, and craved the body of Jesus.
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The day before the Sabbath is the Preparation day. The reference to evening is because they did not want to leave the dead body on the tree through the night. See John 19:31.

In this case the Preparation day was the Passover, the 14th day of the first month.
Mark
16:1-2
16.1 And when the sabbath was past, Mary Magdalene, and Mary the mother of James, and Salome, had bought sweet spices, that they might come and anoint him. 16.2 And very early in the morning the first day of the week, they came unto the sepulchre at the rising of the sun.
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The Sabbath is before the first day of the week.
Luke
4:16
4.16 And he came to Nazareth, where he had been brought up: and, as his custom was, he went into the synagogue on the sabbath day, and stood up for to read.
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No date given for Sabbath.
Luke
4:31
4.31 And came down to Capernaum, a city of Galilee, and taught them on the sabbath days.
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No date given for Sabbath.
Luke
4:38
4.38 And he arose out of the synagogue, and entered into Simon's house. And Simon's wife's mother was taken with a great fever ...
4.39 And he ... rebuked the fever ...
4.40 Now when the sun was setting, all they that had any sick with divers diseases brought them unto him; and he laid his hands on every one of them, and healed them.
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See Mark 1:21-32
Luke
6:1-9
6.1 And it came to pass on the second sabbath after the first, that he went through the corn fields; and his disciples plucked the ears of corn, and did eat, rubbing them in their hands. 6.2 And certain of the Pharisees said unto them, Why do ye that which is not lawful to do on the sabbath days?

6.3 And Jesus answering them said, Have ye not read so much as this, what David did, when himself was an hungered, and they which were with him; 6.4 How he went into the house of God, and did take and eat the showbread, and gave also to them that were with him; which it is not lawful to eat but for the priests alone? 6.5 And he said unto them, That the Son of man is Lord also of the sabbath.

6.6 And it came to pass also on another sabbath, that he entered into the synagogue and taught: and there was a man whose right hand was withered. 6.7 And the scribes and Pharisees watched him, whether he would heal on the sabbath day; that they might find an accusation against him. 6.8 But he knew their thoughts, and said to the man which had the withered hand, Rise up, and stand forth in the midst. And he arose and stood forth. 6.9 Then said Jesus unto them, I will ask you one thing; Is it lawful on the sabbath days to do good, or to do evil? to save life, or to destroy it?
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See Matthew 12:1-12

No explicit date is give, just that it was the "second Sabbath after the first".
Luke
13:10-16
13.10 And he was teaching in one of the synagogues on the sabbath. 13.11
And, behold, there was a woman which had a spirit of infirmity eighteen years, and was bowed together, and could in no wise lift up herself.

13.12 And when Jesus saw her, he called her to him, and said unto her, Woman, thou art loosed from thine infirmity. 13.13 And he laid his hands on her: and immediately she was made straight, and glorified God. 13.14 And the ruler of the synagogue answered with indignation, because that Jesus had healed on the sabbath day, and said unto the people, There are six days in which men ought to work: in them therefore come and be healed, and not on the sabbath day.

13.15 The Lord then answered him, and said, Thou hypocrite, doth not each one of you on the sabbath loose his ox or his ass from the stall, and lead him away to watering? 13.16 And ought not this woman, being a daughter of Abraham, whom Satan hath bound, lo, these eighteen years, be loosed from this bond on the sabbath day?
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No dates are given for the Sabbath. The restrictions added by tradition are exposed.
Luke
13:31-14:5
13.31 The same day there came certain of the Pharisees, saying unto him, Get thee out, and depart hence: for Herod will kill thee. 13.32 And he said unto them, Go ye, and tell that fox, Behold, I cast out devils, and I do cures to day and to morrow, and the third day I shall be perfected. 13.33
Nevertheless I must walk to day, and to morrow, and the day following: for it cannot be that a prophet perish out of Jerusalem. 13.34 O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, which killest the prophets, and stonest them that are sent unto thee; how often would I have gathered thy children together, as a hen doth gather her brood under her wings, and ye would not! 13.35 Behold, your house is left unto you desolate: and verily I say unto you, Ye shall not see me, until the time come when ye shall say, Blessed is he that cometh in the name of the Lord.

14.1 And it came to pass, as he went into the house of one of the chief Pharisees to eat bread on the sabbath day, that they watched him. 14.2 And, behold, there was a certain man before him which had the dropsy.
14.3 And Jesus answering spake unto the lawyers and Pharisees, saying, Is it lawful to heal on the sabbath day? 14.4 And they held their peace. And he took him, and healed him, and let him go; 14.5 And answered them, saying, Which of you shall have an ass or an ox fallen into a pit, and will not straightway pull him out on the sabbath day?
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No explicit date is given for the Sabbath in 14:1.

It may seem like 14:1 immediately follows 13:31-35, but those passages are parallel with Matthew 23:37-24:1, which is right before the crucifixion. Therefore, Luke 14:1 is probably a separate occurrence.
Luke 23:54:24:1
23.54 And that day was the preparation, and the sabbath drew on.
23.55 And the women also, which came with him from Galilee, followed after, and beheld the sepulchre, and how his body was laid. 23.56
And they returned, and prepared spices and ointments; and rested the sabbath day according to the commandment. 24.1 Now upon the first day of the week, very early in the morning, they came unto the sepulchre, bringing the spices which they had prepared, and certain others with them.
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The day before the Sabbath is the Preparation day. The reference to evening is because they did not want to leave the dead body on the tree through the night.

In this case the Preparation day was the Passover, the 14th day of the first month, and the Sabbath was the 15th day, the Sabbath of Unleavened Bread.
John
5:8-18
5.8 Jesus saith unto him, Rise, take up thy bed, and walk. 5.9 And immediately the man was made whole, and took up his bed, and walked: and on the same day was the sabbath. 5.10 The Jews therefore said unto him that was cured, It is the sabbath day: it is not lawful for thee to carry thy bed. 5.11 He answered them, He that made me whole, the same said unto me, Take up thy bed, and walk. 5.12 Then asked they him, What man is that which said unto thee, Take up thy bed, and walk? 5.13
And he that was healed wist not who it was: for Jesus had conveyed himself away, a multitude being in that place.

5.14 Afterward Jesus findeth him in the temple, and said unto him, Behold, thou art made whole: sin no more, lest a worse thing come unto thee. 5.15 The man departed, and told the Jews that it was Jesus, which had made him whole. 5.16 And therefore did the Jews persecute Jesus, and sought to slay him, because he had done these things on the sabbath day. 5.17 But Jesus answered them, My Father worketh hitherto, and I work. 5.18 Therefore the Jews sought the more to kill him, because he not only had broken the sabbath, but said also that God was his Father, making himself equal with God.
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No explicit date is given for the Sabbath. However, since Yeshua was in Jerusalem, it is most likely associated with a pilgrimage feast.
John
6:16
And when even was now come, his disciples went down unto the sea, 6.17 And entered into a ship, and went over the sea toward Capernaum. And it was now dark, and Jesus was not come to them. 6.18 And the sea arose by reason of a great wind that blew. 6.19 So when ... they see Jesus walking on the sea .... 6.21 Then they willingly received him into the ship: and immediately the ship was at the land whither they went. 6.22 The day following, when the people which stood on the other side of the sea saw that there was none other boat there ...
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Note the order: First "even", then "dark", then the storm at night, then the next day.
John
9:4
9.4 I must work the works of him that sent me, while it is day: the night cometh, when no man can work.
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The "night" is not associated with "work". Also see John 11:9.
John
7:19-23
7.19 Did not Moses give you the law, and yet none of you keepeth the law? Why go ye about to kill me? 7.20 The people answered and said, Thou hast a devil: who goeth about to kill thee? 7.21 Jesus answered and said unto them, I have done one work, and ye all marvel. 7.22 Moses therefore gave unto you circumcision; (not because it is of Moses, but of the fathers;) and ye on the sabbath day circumcise a man. 7.23 If a man on the sabbath day receive circumcision, that the law of Moses should not be broken; are ye angry at me, because I have made a man every whit whole on the sabbath day?
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They wanted to kill him because of the healing of the paralytic at the pool on the Sabbath, John 5:8-18.
John
9:14-16
9.14 And it was the sabbath day when Jesus made the clay, and opened his eyes. 9.15 Then again the Pharisees also asked him how he had received his sight. He said unto them, He put clay upon mine eyes, and I washed, and do see. 9.16 Therefore said some of the Pharisees, This man is not of God, because he keepeth not the sabbath day. Others said, How can a man that is a sinner do such miracles? And there was a division among them.
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This was on the 22nd, the Sabbath following the Feast of Tabernacles.

The Feast of Tabernacles is a seven-day feast, as stated six times in Leviticus 23:34-42. The feast begins on the 15th day of the month which is a Sabbath, lasts for seven days, and then the eighth day, the 22nd of the month is a Sabbath. The 15th of the month is the same as the seventh-day Sabbath.


John
11:9
John
19:31
19.31 The Jews therefore, because it was the preparation, that the bodies should not remain upon the cross on the sabbath day, (for that sabbath day was an high day,) besought Pilate that their legs might be broken, and that they might be taken away.
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The day before the Sabbath is the Preparation day.

The Sabbath was a "high day" because it was also the Sabbath of Unleavened Bread, the 15th day of the first month.
Acts
13:14
13.14 But when they departed from Perga, they came to Antioch in Pisidia, and went into the synagogue on the sabbath day, and sat down.
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No date explicitly given for Sabbath.
Acts
13:42-44
13.42 And when the Jews were gone out of the synagogue, the Gentiles besought that these words might be preached to them the next sabbath. 13.43 Now when the congregation was broken up, many of the Jews and religious proselytes followed Paul and Barnabas: who, speaking to them, persuaded them to continue in the grace of God. 13.44 And the next sabbath day came almost the whole city together to hear the word of God.
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No date explicitly given for Sabbath. The Gentiles knew when it was.
Acts
16:13
16.13 And on the sabbath we went out of the city by a river side, where prayer was wont to be made; and we sat down, and spake unto the women which resorted thither.
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No date explicitly given for Sabbath.
Acts
17:2
17.2 And Paul, as his manner was, went in unto them, and three sabbath days reasoned with them out of the scriptures,
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No date explicitly given for Sabbath.
Acts
18:4
18.4 And he reasoned in the synagogue every sabbath, and persuaded the Jews and the Greeks.
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No date explicitly given for Sabbath. The Gentiles knew when it was.
Col
2:16
2.16 Let no man therefore judge you in meat, or in drink, or in respect of an holyday, or of the new moon, or of the sabbath days: 2.17 Which are a shadow of things to come; but the body [is] of Christ.
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No man has the authority to judge about worship days, only the "body of Christ" [the Church, see Col 1:18, 1:24] which understands that they "are" [not "were"] shadows of things "to come" [not "already came"]. Note that the meaning was changed by the English translators adding the word "is".
Rev
1:10
1.10 I was in the Spirit on the Lord's day, and heard behind me a great voice, as of a trumpet ...
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No date explicitly given.

Contact: mail "at" LunarSabbathTruth.info